Communication plays an important role in the real time operation of a power system. In the beginning, telephone was used to communicate line loadings back to the control center as well as to dispatch operators to perform switching operations at substations.
- High-speed IED to IED communication
- Multi-vendor interoperability
- Support for File Transfer
- Auto-configurable / configuration support
- Support for security
Features of IEC 61850:
- Data Modeling: Primary process objects as well as protection and control functionality in the substation is modeled into different standard logical nodes which can be grouped under different logical devices. There are logical nodes for data/functions related to the logical device (LLN0) and physical device (LPHD).
- Reporting Schemes: There are various reporting schemes (BRCB & URCB) for reporting data from server through a server-client relationship which can be triggered based on pre-defined trigger conditions
- Fast Transfer of events: Generic Substation Events (GSE) are defined for fast transfer of event data for a peer-to-peer communication mode. This is again subdivided into GOOSE & GSSE.
- Setting Groups: The setting group control Blocks (SGCB) is defined to handle the setting groups so that user can switch to any active group according to the requirement.
- Sampled Data Transfer: Schemes are also defined to handle transfer of sampled values using Sampled Value Control blocks (SVCB)
- Commands: Various command types are also supported by IEC 61850 which include direct & select before operate (SBO) commands with normal and enhanced securities.
- Data Storage: Substation Configuration Language (SCL) is defined for complete storage of configured data of the substation in a specific format.
Advantages of IEC 61850
- Offering a complete set of specifications covering all communication issues inside a substation.
- Meeting the requirement for an integrated information management providing the user with consistent knowledge of the system on line, rather than just gigabytes of raw data.
- Inter-operability between various manufacturers’ IED’s, thus forming an integrated system.
- Substation Configuration Language(SCL)
- Lowering installation and maintenance costs, with self-describing devices that reduce manual configuration.
- Support for functions difficult to implement otherwise.